What happened when US presidents Andrew Johnson, Richard Nixon, and Bill Clinton faced impeachment, and how it compares to today

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On December 18, President Donald Trump was impeached by the House of Representatives.
His Senate trial formally began on Thursday when the House prosecutors presented the articles of impeachment to the Senate.
Only three US presidents have faced impeachment — Andrew Johnson in 1868 and Bill Clinton in 1998 were both impeached, while Richard Nixon resigned before he could be impeached in 1974.
No president has ever been convicted.
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President Donald Trump became the third president in history to be impeached, and his Senate trial formally began on Thursday.

For the last few months, Congress investigated whether Trump pressured Ukraine to investigate his political rival, Democrat presidential candidate Joe Biden, and his son.

On December 13, the House Judiciary Committee voted to advance two impeachment articles against Trump — one for abusing his office, and the other for obstructing Congress. On December 18, he was impeached on both articles.

Impeachment is a power Congress has to remove presidents or other federal officials from office if enough lawmakers find that they have committed “treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.”

First there’s the investigation, then the House of Representatives votes on whether to impeach and charge them with any crimes, and if a majority votes in favor, then a Senate trial determines whether they’re guilty and the penalty.

Three other presidents have faced impeachment proceedings.

In 1868, Andrew Johnson was impeached for breaching the Tenure of Office Act, but the Senate narrowly acquitted him by one vote. In 1974, Richard Nixon faced an impeachment inquiry, but he quit before he could be impeached. In 1998, Bill Clinton was impeached, but he was acquitted by the Senate.

Only 11 days had passed after a whistleblower complaint before Pelosi announced an impeachment inquiry, Axios reported. For Nixon, it took 599 days from the Watergate break-in to an inquiry, while for Clinton it took 260 days from the first news report of an affair to an inquiry.

Here’s how the process went for the three former presidents, and what’s happened so far for Trump.

SEE ALSO: 61 photos show the key moments of Trump’s impeachment so far

DON’T MISS: The impeachment inquiry into Trump, explained in 60 seconds

Former President Andrew Johnson was the first sitting president to ever face impeachment proceedings.

Source: Senate

It all began when he removed his Secretary of War Edward Stanton from office in 1867, which breached the Tenure of Office Act.

The law meant he couldn’t fire any important officials without first getting Senate’s permission. At first, he’d suspended Stanton and replaced him, but when Congress intervened and reinstated Stanton, Johnson fired him on February 21, 1868.

Three days later, on February 24, 1868, the House of Representatives impeached Johnson by a vote of 126-47.

The House said he’d violated the law, and disgraced the United States’ Congress.

From March to May 1868, over 11 weeks, the Senate tried Johnson’s case, and finally voted to acquit him. The vote was 35 guilty to 19 not guilty.

One more guilty …read more

Source:: Business Insider – Politics

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