Each year, Melinda Gates and her husband Bill publish an annual letter outlining the things that cheer, worry and surprise them.
The 2019 letter was published on Tuesday. Business Insider met with Melinda Gates to discuss one of their most surprising assertions in it: that data can be sexist.
Business Insider sat down with Gates to learn more about sexist data and how it damages women in the US and the world.
When you are one of the world’s wealthiest women and you’ve dedicated your life to solving poverty, how do you know which projects are worthwhile to fund and which are not?
If you are Melinda Gates, a software engineer by training, you do what engineers always do: look at the data.
But Gates and her husband Bill were disturbed when they discovered that data can be sexist. It can also be biased. It might even be racist.
She recently sat down with Business Insider at her office outside Seattle to discuss the issue, which is highlighted in the Gates’ 2019 annual letter.
Gates is a champion for gender equality, one of the UN’s sustainable development goals. She has pushed for better family leave policies in the US and has spoken out about problems women face in the tech industry.
Now Gates is taking on data, a sacred cow of that industry.
“We think data is objective and that’s one of the things that surprised Bill and I the most,” she told Business Insider.
Gates began to see the problem when she learned just how little data is collected on the lives and deaths of women worldwide.
An example: Medical professionals often didn’t collect all pertinent details surrounding a woman’s cause of death in the US until 2017 — including whether or not she was pregnant.
That’s alarming, especially when you consider the US has a surprisingly high rate of maternal deaths from pregnancy- or childbirth-related causes.
“That, to me, is sexist data,” Gates says.
The Gates’ annual letter also discussed a surprising finding about premature births. DNA testing company 23andMe found a correlation between preterm labor and low blood levels of a mineral called selenium.
But without enough historical data on women, it’s tough to turn that finding into an action.
“Even in the preterm birth area, you have to look at Hispanic women vs. Caucasian women. Well, Hispanic women are having more preterm births than Caucasian women. Why is that? And where is that happening? Is that true across the nation or is it different in different pockets?” Gates said. “Until you get that granular in the data, you won’t know what to go look at to say, ‘Where do we need to go to invest money and create solutions?'”
Gates also noted the well-documented history in the US of under representing women in drug testing and clinical trials.
That’s changing, “but we used to test drugs with men and very few women in the trial,” Gates said. “We even used male mice and very few female mice,” even though women and men have different metabolic systems.
Some researchers …read more
Source:: Business Insider – Tech